The History of Indian Freedom Movement as perceived by the author, had always been a dialectic process. According to him its first step was antithetical in character in so far as it amounted to the destruction of the old order. This process started in the middle of the 18th century and culminated in the mutiny of 1857. The second half of the 19th century was the formative period for the evolution of nationalism; the Leftists played a pivotal role in that. Following Lord Curzon's endeavour of Partition of Bengal in 1905, there was an emergence of revolutionary activities backed by educated Bengali middle class. Many of them studied Marxist-Leninist literature in prison and later joined the newly formed Communist Party of India which had a far-reaching consequence in determining the factors at play behind the struggle of Independence.